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Although next-generation 6G wireless promises to revolutionize the mobile experience, some experts believe the United States is not doing enough to advance the technology.
According to recent research by the Center for a New American Security, the United States is slipping behind other countries when it comes to fostering the next generation of communication technology (CNAS). The current standard, 5G, is intended to give speeds 1,000 times faster than 6G.
“While the USA has an edge in hyper-scale cloud computing, its telecommunications industry has lagged due to a high level of concentration in the sector, Ashish Jain, the co-founder of PrivateLTEand5G.com, told Lifewire in an email interview.
Slow Start for Faster Speeds
However, according to the CNAS analysis, more has to be done to support 6G. The Biden administration pledged to spend $2.5 billion on 6G last year. According to the paper, the government should define a long-term plan for 6G and increase financing for research and development.
“6G technologies will bring more than just improved data transmission speeds,” said the CNAS report. “Communications technology forms the conduit of societies, implicating future economic competitiveness, military strength and geopolitical influence.”
As Bernard Ku, the head of the Telecom Technology Group at the technology consulting group Lumenci explained in an email interview, “the geopolitical race for the next big thing in telecommunications technology,” or 6G, is already heating up, particularly between the United States and China as well as between Korea and Japan.”
“For the US government, the scrum for 6G is already intensifying and the exploration in future defense use becomes an arms race to some extent,” he said. “The US must seek dominance in 6G to maintain global power on land, under the sea, or even in space. It will require an army of researchers working on it to remain competitive.”
The stakes for businesses, according to Ku, could not be greater. In addition, he stated that “the first to create and patent 6G will be the largest winners in what some have dubbed the second Industrial Revolution.” Besides having an influence on the smartphone and computer industries, it will also have an impact on a far broader range of industrial sectors, including automotive, home appliances, manufacturing, and energy as well as healthcare,” says the author.
New Technology Could Be Powered by 6G
Advanced applications including virtual reality (X-Reality), machine-to-machine communications (M2M), digital twins, and 3D video communications would be enabled by 5G speeds, according to Jain. However, he went on to say that these technologies will require the greater speeds provided by 6G. The maximum throughput rate of 5G is 20 gigabits per second, whereas the maximum throughput rate of 6G is 1000 gigabytes per second.
“Performance of this order of magnitude is not achievable on single-user devices such as especially smartphones,” Jain said. “The processing will be distributed over multiple devices in a pervasive software-defined network.”
The majority of nations have not yet had the opportunity to use a 6G network, but projections indicate that half of all international data traffic in the next five years will no longer be generated by people’s consumption, according to Ku. Instead, data will be used by automobiles, machines, meters, sensors, medical equipment, and a variety of other sorts of networked devices without the need for any human involvement or intervention.
“With ultrafast terahertz speeds and minimal response time, 6G will make it possible to develop advanced technologies like fully automated driverless cars and remote surgeries that will eventually benefit everyone,” he added.
One of the reasons 6G is so highly awaited is because it has the potential to make the Internet of Things (IoT), which includes smartphones and smart home gadgets, a realistic everyday reality, according to Ku. According to researchers, 6G will place a strong focus on exceptionally high bandwidth as well as great dependability.
“If 5G makes IoT possible, 6G will bring optimum use of IoT,” Ku said. “The 6G Internet will be instantly and continuously accessible, woven for many of us into the tapestry of everyday life.”